How can I get an appointment or attend a group at the Halton Diabetes Program?
If you are looking for a referral in your area for a Diabetes Education Program, please contact the Mississauga Halton Central Intake Service for assistance.
Do you need a doctor’s referral to be seen at the Halton Diabetes program?
No, you can refer yourself to our program.
What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Your body gets energy by making glucose from foods like bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, milk and fruit. To use glucose, your body needs insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body control the level of glucose (sugar) in your blood. People with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin in their pancreas. People with type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin or their body does not use the insulin properly. In both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, glucose builds up in the blood instead of being used for energy.
What is pre-diabetes?
You have pre-diabetes when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetes.
What is gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that starts or is first diagnosed during pregnancy. High blood sugar levels often go back to normal after delivery. However, women with gestational diabetes should be watched closely after giving birth and at regular doctor's appointments to screen for signs of diabetes. Many women with gestational diabetes develop diabetes within 5 - 10 years after delivery.
I have had type 2 diabetes for 2 years. My doctor just started me on insulin does that mean that my diabetes has changed to type 1?
No, you still have type 2 diabetes. Insulin as well as other oral medications can be used to manage type 2 diabetes.
What foods affect my blood sugars?
Foods that contain carbohydrate affect blood sugar. Carbohydrates is in bread, cereal, rice, pasta, fruit, milk, yogurt, potatoes, sweet potato, yams, corn, juice and treat foods like cake and candy. Vegetables, except for starchy vegetables like potatoes, meat and fats do not contain carbohydrate and therefore do not affect blood sugar.
Should I avoid all foods that contain sugar or starch (carbohydrates)?
No, foods that contain carbohydrate are an important part of your diet. Carbohydrate is the main source of energy for your body. It is important to choose a carbohydrate containing food at each meal.
What is an A1C?
The A1C test is a blood test that reflects your average blood glucose level over the last 3 months. A small blood sample to check your A1C can be taken at any time of the day.
I just found out that I have type 2 diabetes. What can I eat?
Eat a well balanced healthy diet that includes whole grains, lean protein, low fat dairy products and fruits and vegetables. Try to balance your plate so half of it is covered with vegetables, one quarter with a protein and the last quarter with a grain or starch. Balance out your meal with a fruit and a serving of milk or yogurt.
Did I get diabetes because I have a “sweet tooth?”
Eating sweets does not cause diabetes. The cause of type 2 diabetes is largely unknown, but genetics and lifestyle clearly play roles. Type 2 diabetes has been linked to obesity, genetic risk factors, and inactivity. Some ethnic groups are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes. These include people of South Asian, African, African-Caribbean, Chinese and Aboriginal descent.
Can diabetes be cured?
There is no known way to cure type1 or type 2 diabetes, but it can be controlled by keeping the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood within a normal range.
Why is it important for people with diabetes to have their eyes checked once a year?
People with diabetes are at higher risk of eye diseases. These diseases can cause vision loss or blindness. Three eye diseases that can affect people with diabetes are diabetic retinopathy (blood vessels in the retina become damaged), cataract (clouding of the eye’s lens) and glaucoma (increased fluid inside the eye that can lead to optic nerve damage). Having your eyes checked each year can help prevent some of the damage caused by these diseases.
Why are people with diabetes at higher risk of kidney disease?
Over the long term, high blood glucose levels damage tiny blood vessels in the kidneys, impairing their ability to filter the blood properly. As a result, a type of protein called ‘albumin’ spills into the urine instead of remaining in the blood stream.
Are people with diabetes at higher risk of heart disease?
Yes, heart disease is 2-4 times more common in people with diabetes than those without diabetes. Because of this your physician may suggest you take medication to lower your blood cholesterol and your blood pressure as well as control you blood sugar.
What is diabetic neuropathy?
Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can happen to people who have diabetes. When blood sugars are high nerve fibers can become damaged. Although diabetic neuropathy can affect your digestive system, urinary tract, blood vessels and heart, most people get symptoms of the damage in their feet and legs. Symptoms may include numbness, pain or tingling in your feet and legs.
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